Monitoringclub.org | Characteristics of Poisonous Snakes – Many snakes appear in residential areas of residents during the rainy season. The rainy season is indeed the season when snakes are laying eggs, so they need a damp place to hatch eggs. Therefore, you need to be wary, especially against poisonous snakes.
A venomous snake can be grouped into two families, namely Elapidae and Viperidae.
Snakes belonging to Elapidae, for example, are Naja sputatrix (Javanese cobra), Bungarus candidus (Banded Krait), and Calliophis intestinalis. The Viperidae family is characterized by a triangular-shaped head. If on the leaves the color is green and if on the ground the color is brown.
Characteristics of Poisonous Snakes
Following the characteristics of venomous snakes:
The head is wide, flat, arrow-shaped with a narrow neck, while the head of non-venomous snakes are long and slender.
Venomous snakes have elliptical eyes similar to those of a cat, while non-venomous snakes have round eyes.
3. Sensory orifices
Sensory orifices located near the nostrils for venomous snakes.
Snake venom is composed of a complex mixture of enzymes and proteins of various sizes, amines, lipids, nucleosides, and carbohydrates. It also contains poisons such as neurotoxins, hemotoxins, cardiotoxins, cytotoxins, and myotoxins.
Snake venom that enters the bloodstream can cause injury. The poison must be removed from the body immediately. If not, it can cause bleeding, swelling, breathing problems, nervous disorders, and even death.