What Is Scoliosis?
Abnormalities in the spine or called scoliosis are characterized by a curved back shape like the letter C or S. This scoliosis is often experienced by adolescents at puberty, which is around the age of 10-15 years and women.
Based on the most people with scoliosis, namely the adolescent type, around 90 percent and occurs in adolescents aged 11-18 years.
Meanwhile, for other conditions such as infantile (1 percent) occurs in infants aged 0-3 years. There is also a juvenile type (3 percent) occurring in children aged 4-10 years. Meanwhile, for adults, it is around 6 percent.
Even though Scoliosis only causes mild complaints, this bone disorder can become more severe with age. If left untreated, very severe curvature of scoliosis can lead to joint damage and prolonged pain.
Scoliosis often attacks adolescents aged 11 to 18 years. In addition, there are more cases in women than men.
What is scoliosis caused by?
About 80 percent of cases are idiopathic. That is, at this time the exact cause is not known. However, there are also patients who experience scoliosis from birth, the aging process, to disorders of the nervous system and muscles.
In addition, there are non-structural types of scoliosis. This condition usually occurs due to posture or habits that are carried out. In addition, tense muscles and different leg lengths also encourage someone to experience scoliosis.
A variety of symptoms are experienced by people with scoliosis. Judging from the severity of conditions such as:
- The body appears symmetrical with the spine appearing curved or tilted to one side.
- Shoulders look high next door.
- Hips look high next door.
- The scapula appears more prominent on one side.
- The distance from the waist to the arm is not the same on the right and left.
What is Scoliosis Screening?
The hospital can detect scoliosis by applying the Adam Test, which is by straightening your arms forward, bringing your palms together, bending forward 90 degrees, so the doctor will look from behind in a sitting position.
We can screen for scoliosis at the age of 10-15 years. The advantage of early detection can be intervention as early as possible, before the curve becomes severe. Then it can prevent the need for operative therapy, so that the results of treatment are better, rather than surgery.
It is hoped that it can detect Scoliosis as early as possible, so that we can intervene as early as possible. If the curve is still small, then we will just observe it every 4 to 6 months, if he is over 25 years old we will give him a brace, if it is too big then we have to surgery.
The increase in the scoliosis curve will stop when the person does not increase in height, to be precise after the age of 18 years. So if before the age of 18 the curve doesn’t reach 45 to fifty, then he’s free from surgery.
It is our goal to intervene as early as possible so that he doesn’t need surgery. As long as the person is disciplined in using the brace, he will avoid surgery.